This paper suggests that the emerging regulatory landscape is best captured now in terms of the ‘transnational governance of work’. The landscape is at once multi-leveled, fragmented and conflicted: contending narratives and agendas advanced by a diverse cast of transnational private actors and organizations now play critical roles in establishing workplace norms and practices, simultaneously creating bases for competing rights claims by other market actors. Canvassing recent decisions and labour market governance project, the paper illustrates how workers’ rights are shaped by the character of the regimes in which they are adjudicated and complexly intermingled with ideas and decisions concerning economic and social governance.