Elements of society, individuals, families, businesses, states and other organizations are held together by communication. Throughout history, communication technology was a factor in the rise and fall of the empires. The success of the European civilization in the previous centuries can be attributed, in part, to the continent’s openness to innovation in communication technology. Currently the whole world is witnessing a revolution in this area. Lessons can be learned from the past and from analyzing the present. This is being done on one hand in policy strategy projects that put the ICT developments into a broader context of global trends. On the other, a scientific base is being created by a new interdisciplinary science called Internet Science. Some results of both kinds of projects taking place in Europe will be discussed.  FULL DETAILS