Big Data computation will increasingly use commercial cloud providers such as Google, Microsoft or Amazon as the locus of analysis due to the sheer size of datasets. Modern biomedical research is international and collaborative and combines many sources of data (e.g. medical; demographic; genetic; environmental etc). Recent scandals (e.g. Snowden) surrounding governmental surveillance have raised concern among national governments, to say nothing of research participants-patients, regarding the security and privacy of their data in the “clouds”. What precisely are the issues specific to global biomedical research and is there cause for concern? Are there solutions?  FULL DETAILS